Nursing captures the maintenance of health, treatment of illness, and the treatment of ill and availability of caring services to terminally ill patients and those suffering from disabilities to improve the optimal health and the quality of life.
Nursing involves both art and practice which make it a diverse profession that needs vigilant competent and resourceful hands to give services to the public taking noted of major nursing roles such as advocacy, maintenance of a safe environment, research, and involved in developing and considering policies and health systems management including education as revealed by (ICN 2012).
Just like every other profession, nursing is controlled by a set of ethical principles/requirements; a high level of education commits to the standard code of ethics/code of conduct and to guide the interest of the populace.
The nursing profession needs to know their code of ethics. This article will analyze the code of ethics in full including the aim and the effects of the code of ethics.
The Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia, (2018), point to the code of ethics for nurses’ as an essential document that lists the legal requirement and professional behavior as well as rules for all nurses, at all levels.
The code also contains the principles of professional conduct ensuring safe service delivery and openly analyze the conduct required of nurses by their clients/patients, colleagues, and the people at large (Lachman 2009).
The code features seven principles of conduct, divided into focus areas “domains”, each with an analysis statement and practical step to discuss how it is used in nursing practice.
Backing up the code of ethics is the expectation that nurses will use their professional skills to give the best results in their area of practice, as revealed by (Gibbons S. & Jeschke E 2012 and Haddad & Geiger 2018)
The code of ethics is a very essential tool for nurses to possess because nursing is a very wide and diverse profession that is a structure with human lives.
According to Limentani (1999), when patients ask for medical help they often feel at risk yet; It is important to share private and vital information about their lives.
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Nurses are required to give nursing help the correct way at the very beginning they provide the service concerning the code. The code should be effective to lay down guidance on coping with ethical issues ‘dilemmas’ that might come up at the societal stage and other stages.
As revealed by ICN (2012) an ethical resourceful code act as; a brief analysis of the ethical rights and responsibilities of every person who is inducted in the nursing profession, the profession’s non – negotiable ethical standard, and an excerpt of nursing’s view of its dedication to society to avoid irrelevant misconduct.
Nursing globally is expected to work according to the code.
LSUA, (2016) stated that patients get the right to make decisions about their health and choose to accept or reject treatment, however, they should plan to get an accurate and complete guide about their health from nurses who are taking care of them and make useful decisions based on the guidelines given to them.
While caring for the client, there are several ethical issues that the nurse may come across where only the code can stand firmly for the practicing nurse thus it is very essential in the nursing profession (Zahedi, et. al 2012).
Nurses should be careful of these ethical issues as they might unknowingly go against the very same code of ethics. They should adopt consideration for autonomy, beneficence, justice, and non-maleficence.
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Haddad & Geiger (2018) emphasized that nurses should endeavor to remember that all patients have entitled to there health treatment and equally while medical workers including nurses have to stay away from maltreatment, reduce harm, and ensure the promotion of good health towards patients (beneficence).
Nurses are also required to assist patients with duties that they are unable to carry out on their own such as bathing a bedridden patient, just to mention a few.
Refusal to follow the principles and guidelines of the code may lead to suspension from work, sack, lawsuits as well as losing license by nurses.
Finally, that is why nurses need to be current with their code of ethics. Nurses should not joke with the code of ethics. As a Nurse, you must have the code of conduct with you at all times and interpret the codes in your daily medical tasks.